GA Trade Mar-Apr interactive - page 25

While expanding the transportation
systems to the Gulf of Mexico, the
large refinery and subsequent
processing centers have to be served.
In addition, Texas and Louisiana
have large concentrations of petro-
chemical and other industrial plants
with an energy demand that is
especially high.
Last but not least, the starting large
export projects on the Gulf Coast
have to be accommodated. Many
of the LNG export terminals that are
planned for the future are in Louisi-
ana and Texas. In addition, Texas is
also the starting point for various
larger pipeline projects that are
going to the south – with the help
of these projects, the import demand
from Mexico, ever-increasing in the
years to come, is to be satisfied.
However, there are also other reasons
why investments into the U.S. gas
pipeline system will be necessary.
Regulatory requirements are becom-
ing stricter and high standards are
being set when it comes to environ-
mental protection and safety. That is
why the plant portfolio requires
constant maintenance and restora-
tion. According to a statement of
Black & Veatch, an engineering
company, more than 60 percent of
transmission lines currently in opera-
tion were built before 1970. The
conditions of the distribution systems
are also not the best in many places.
Bottlenecks in the pipeline system
will likely lead to pushing the
development of alternative natural
gas transportation systems. Thanks
to the energy boom, Bentek expects
large investments into the railway
sector as well as into transport by
road and sea.
n
1) dry gas; 2) annual average price;
3) on December 31 of the corresponding year; 4) estimate
Henry Hub Gulf
Confirmed
U.S.
Coast natural
reserves
production gas spot price of dry gas
(bcf/d)
1)
(US$/MMBtu)
2)
(tcf)
3)
2005
49.45
8.69
204.4
- - -
2010
58.40
4.39
304.6
2011
62.74
4.00
334.1
2012
65.75
2.75
n.a.
2013
4)
66.82
3.69
n.a.
Indicators Regarding
the U.S. Natural Gas Market
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
GTAI
INDUSTRY TALK
Detailed industry reports, written by the U.S.
correspondents of German Trade and Invest
(GTAI), the official German foreign trade and
inward investment agency.
G T A I I N D U S T R Y T A L K
German American Trade Mar/Apr 2014
25
Change from Change from
2008 to 2013 2013 to 2018
Total Supply
5.7
13.0
Production
10.4
15.0
Imports from Canada
-4.1
-1.9
LNG
-0.7
-0.1
Total Demand
7.0
13.5
Power
4.1
5.7
Residential/Commercial
0.5
0.6
Industrial
1.3
2.3
Exports to Mexico
0.9
1.9
LNG Exports
0.0
2.7
Pipe Loss
0.2
0.2
Net Change in Lower 48 U.S. Natural Gas
Fundamentals (in bcf/d)
Source: Bentek Energy
About the Author
Martin Wiekert
Director of  Germany Trade and Invest
GmbH (GTAI)
Washington D.C. Office
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